Student Desk

A student desk is a desk designed for compulsory education students, usually available in a range of sizes to suit different children at different grade levels throughout grades K-12. Student desks generally feature durable laminate, melamine, or plastic work surfaces and may have attached seating elements and built-in bookbox or under-seat bookbasket, depending on the design.


Adjustable-Height Sit/Stand Desk: Adjustable-height sit/stand desk describes student workstations with a flat work surface and adjustable frame that accommodates comfortable access from sitting or standing positions. For student use, the adjustable-height desk transitions between 26”-high and 43”-high.

Bi-Level Desk: A bi-level desk is a student-friendly computer-ready workstation with a lower work surface for writing or keyboard use and a raised, rear-set work surface designed to support a computer monitor or other supplies and equipment for easy access and use.

Chair Desk: A chair desk is a variety of student products that feature a standard-style chair seat in one-piece or two-piece designs, with an attached desk or work surface. Chair desks typically have larger work surfaces than a tablet-arm chair. Many chair desks offer an optional under-seat storage bin or basket.

Chair Desk with Bookrack: A chair desk with bookrack generally describes a combination chair and desk unit with a wire bookrack or basket built into the frame under the seat for individual student storage.

Conference Desk: The conference desk is a unique two-part teacher’s workstation with mobile base, and interconnecting work surfaces. The primary rectangular work surface features an under-desk locking pedestal for filing and storage, and a perforated modesty panel for full desk design. The conference end is a rounded work surface with an open-style base and a cutout along one edge to join with the end of the main desk for a longer overall workstation.

Combo Desk: A combo desk generally refers to individual desk units with a frame that connects the seat and desk surface in a fixed arrangement. The frame may have a four-leg or sled-style base, or a unique base design depending on the furniture collection. Seating components may be a one-piece chair shell or a two-piece chair, and an under-desk storage basket is often available for neater classroom floors.

Computer Workstation: A computer workstation is a desk unit designed to accommodate computer use, usually featuring integrated wire management and/or wire grommets, and with ample space for computer components. Many computer workstations have a built-in or optional keyboard tray and built-in or optional CPU storage for neater technology setup.

Double-Entry Desk, Dual-Entry Desk: A double-entry or dual-entry desk refers to a combination chair and desk unit with a base-style frame that allows the user to slide into the chair from either side. The design contrasts with traditional combination desk frames that have an attaching component on the left or right side that supports the work surface.

Double-Pedestal Desk: The double-pedestal desk is a full-sized teacher or professional desk, usually designed in a rectangular shape, with two under-desk pedestals comprising the frame. A full or partial modesty panel often connects the pedestals along the backside of the desk’s frame, and the two pedestal may be two-drawer, three-drawer, or one of each. A two-drawer pedestal typically contains two file drawers, while a three-drawer pedestal typically has a bottom file drawer and two upper storage drawers.

Folding Computer Desk: A folding computer desk is a sturdy, compact workstation with ample room for a computer monitor, CPU, keyboard, and mouse, with the option to fold the desk flat for space-saving storage when not in use.

Folding Desk: A folding desk is a collapsible desk or workstation with a sturdy frame that accommodates safe, secure setup and use or compact, space-saving storage when needed. Folding desks often feature casters on the base to accommodate flexible use.

Folding Tablet-Arm Chair: The folding tablet-arm chair is usually a folding chair with a four-leg frame and an attached, collapsible tablet arm positioned on the left-hand or right-hand side of the seat. The folding chair accommodates space-saving storage and easier rearranging or transport, and the tablet surface folds with the frame of the chair for a more compact folded size.

Front-Up Adjustable Desk: The front-up adjustable desk is a student desk designed with an adjustable work surface that lifts the front the back to create an angled position for more comfortable writing, reading, or drawing. The one-piece work surface lifts and adjusts as a whole.

Huddle Desk, Arc-Style Desk: Huddle desk and arc-style desk designs generally have angled sides with a wider student-side edge and a narrower back edge to create a semi-trapezoidal or flattened triangle shape. The desk design accommodates grouped arrangements for productive student interaction.

Left-Hand Workstation: A left-hand workstation is a student desk with a table-like design that features a wider left-hand side. The table can accommodate a computer or other technology while maintaining ample workspace for writing and reading. The frame contains a backpack hook to keep classroom floors clutter-free for safety.

Left-Up Adjustable Desk: A left-up adjustable desk is a student desk with a split work surface featuring an adjustable left-hand work surface that lifts to create an angled desktop for reading, writing, or drawing comfortably.

Lift-Lid Desk: A lift-lid desk refers to student desks with a work surface attached by a hinge along the back edge, designed to enclose the bin-style desktop. The desk lid lifts open from the student-side of the work surface and provides individual storage space for neater, more productive classroom arrangements.

Modular Desk: Modular desks are desk units with the option to customize with built-in storage or computer support components and coordinating furniture products to support individual needs. Many teachers’ desks are designed in a modular style to meet the unique needs of different teachers and classroom settings.

Open-Front Desk: An open-front desk is a student desk with a integrated storage bin built into the frame under the work surface. The built-in storage bin has an open-front design, resembling a shallow cubbyhole, and opening toward the student seated at the desk for easy reach-in access.

Podium Desk: The podium desk is a teacher’s workstation with raised platform situated on one side of the work surface, supporting an angled podium-style surface for lectures and presentations. The podium desk is set on casters for mobility and the podium base includes a locking cabinet with adjustable shelves for secure storage use.

Right-Hand Workstation: The right-hand workstation is a student desk with wider right-hand side and a technology-friendly frame design. The work surface provides ample space for a computer or other technology, as well as room for writing and reading. The frame includes a backpack hook for neater classroom floors.

Right-Up Adjustable Desk: The right-up adjustable desk is a student desk with a split desk surface that accommodates angled positioning for the right half of the work surface. The angled right-hand work surface provides comfortable reading, writing, and drawing postures.

Sled-Base Combo Desk: A sled-base combo desk is a combination seat and desktop with single frame featuring two curved leg-supports in a sled-style design. The back and/or front of the sled-base frame usually angles outward for enhanced stability and an optional bookbasket is available on most styles for under-seat storage space.

Single-Pedestal Desk: A single-pedestal desk refers to full-sized or teacher desks with a built-in storage configuration consisting of two or three vertically stacked drawers, positioned on the left or right end of the base. The two-drawer pedestal usually contains two file drawers and a three-drawer pedestal usually contains a bottom file drawer and two box-style storage drawers.

Single-Student Desk: Single-student desks are individual desks with room for one student at a time. The work surface is usually smaller than a full-sized office or teacher’s desk, and resembles a square or similar compact shape, rather than a rectangle. Single-student desks may have an integrated seat and options for built-in storage or backpack hooks.

Student Workstation: Student workstation generally refers to larger student-friendly desks with integrated support features for computer and technology use. The student workstation may contain a keyboard tray, CPU storage, and/or built-in storage, as well as integrated wire management, depending on the design.

Tablet Arm Chair: A tablet arm chair is an individual seat with a standard or folding frame, designed with an attached writing surface positioned on the left-hand or right-hand side. The writing surface may have a fixed position or attach to the chair with the ability to flip-up and/or fold away for easier sitting and standing up.

Tablet Stool/Chair: The tablet stool or coordinating chair products are typically set on 5-prong mobile bases with adjustable seat-height set with a task chair height-range or drafting stool height-range to accommodate different seating needs. Both chair and stool tablet models have a right-hand or left-hand tablet for use as a writing surface.

Teacher’s Desk: Teacher’s desk units are full-size workstations, often set on casters and with built-in storage for classroom support. The storage in teacher’s desks usually secures with a lock to ensure safekeeping of documents, grade books, and supplies.

Tilt Top Desk: A tilt-top desk may refer to a desk with a hinged work surface that lifts open from the student side to allow access to the book-bin built into the frame. It may also refer to a desk designed with an adjustable work surface that tilts from the back to create an angled desktop for more comfortable reading, writing, or drawing.

Trapezoid Desk: The trapezoid desk is a student desk or workstation with a four-sided work surface that typically features a wider student-edge and a narrower back-edge to create angled sides for a trapezoidal shape.

Triangle Desk: A triangle desk is a compact classroom-ready desk with a triangular-shaped work surface. The desktop may contain a built-in book bin or storage compartment under the work surface, and the corner angles may be flattened or rounded to soften the triangle shape.

Two-Student Desk/2-Student Desk: Two-student desks are classroom-ready workstations designed wider to accommodate two students side-by-side in a shared configuration, with ample space for individual work and more efficient work in pairs.

Wheelchair Accessible Desk: A wheelchair accessible desk is a desk designed to accommodate seated students in a standard classroom chair or in a wheelchair, compliant with ADA standards for desk frame height and width.

Work Station Desk with Keyboard and CPU: A work station desk with keyboard and CPU refers to a larger desk designed with a built-in keyboard tray and CPU storage, ready to accommodate a full-sized computer configuration. The frame and work surface typically include grommet holes or other integrated wire management features for neater technology setup and use.

4-Leg Combo Desk: A 4-leg combo desk is a combination desk with a chair in a single frame designed with four legs. The legs are usually angled toward the front and back to increase stability. A built-in under-seat book basket is often available for 4-leg combo desk units to provide storage space for students to promote neater classroom floors.


Adjustable Glides: Adjustable glides are base support elements found on stationary desks and chairs. The glides provide floor-safe support to reduce scuffs and scratches associated with movement of the desk or chair. Adjusting the glides increases or decreases height at one leg or part of the frame, reducing movement and wobbling when placed on uneven floors.

Adjustable Legs: Adjustable legs refer to telescoping leg supports in a desk or chair frame that adjust in height to customize the work surface or seat position for personalized comfort and use.

Adjustable Shelf: An adjustable shelf is a shelf within a storage compartment or cabinet that rests on shelf clips or pins that can be positioned along a series of predrilled holes on the inner sides of the compartment or cabinet. The design allows a shelf to be removed or repositioned to accommodate different storage needs.

Angled Feet: Angled feet can refer to the legs of four-leg chairs and desks that angle outward for a wider stance to enhance stability and tip-free use. Angled feet can also refer to wide upside-down T-style feet that angle outward for increased under-desk space and a more open feel to the workstation frame.

Backpack Hook/Peg: A backpack hook or backpack peg is an attached or optional feature on select student desks, usually placed on the side of a desk frame to hold the student’s book bag for neater floors and clutter-free desktops.

Black Leg End Caps: Black leg end caps are concealing caps, usually composed of plastic or other impact-resistant material, designed to enclose and protect the ends of the desk or chair frame.

Bookbox: A bookbox is a storage compartment, usually with an open-front design, built into student desks using the work surface to enclose the top of the bookbox. The bookbox is an enhancement designed to provide students with individual storage space to keep classroom floors and desks clutter-free.

Casters: Casters are wheels, usually in dual-wheel designs, that support the base of mobile chairs and desks. Many desk and table products with casters include two or more locking casters to stabilize the unit during storage or use.

CPU Holder/Storage: CPU storage or CPU holder refers to an attached, optional, or adjustable enhanced feature on select student desks and workstations, designed to hold the CPU tower for the computer system. An integrated CPU holder can be a shelf, cabinet, or other compartment, or a bracket-style assembly that adjusts to hold the CPU underneath the work surface in a suspended position. An optional CPU holder can be a platform or other separate component designed to function with the workstation but not necessarily mount to the frame.

Fixed Legs: Fixed legs refer to non-adjusting fixed-height legs supporting a desk, workstation, or chair.

Fixed Tablet Arm: A fixed tablet arm is an attached writing surface assembled to the right or left of a chair seat and positioned with a non-adjusting, non-flip-up style.

Flip-Up Tablet Arm: A flip-up tablet arm is an attached writing surface assembled at the right-hand or left-hand side of a chair, designed with a hinged or similar assembly to accommodate flip-up motion for easier sitting or standing up.

Flip-Up Wire Storage: Flip-up wire storage is an enclosed storage compartment in select desks and workstations that features an attached lid that flips up to open and provide access to stored wires, cables, power cords, and other technology elements.

Fold-Away Writing Tablet: The fold-away writing tablet is a writing surface attached to select chairs at the right or left side, with an assembly designed to flip up then fold over and down to rest against the side of the chair when not in use.

Grommets: Grommets are thoughtfully placed holes, usually round and sometimes featuring a cap or ring to cover raw edges. The grommet holes allow cables and wires to pass through solid desk and workstation panels, work surfaces, or the into and out from enclosed compartments to accommodate neater setup and use.

Height-Adjustable Tabletop Supports: Height-adjustable tabletop supports are frame components that connect the tabletop surface to the frame beneath it and accommodate adjusting at each corner to level the work surface and enhance personalized use.

Keyboard Tray: A keyboard tray is a shelf-like enhancement on many workstations and computer-ready desks that is typically has drawer-slides that connect the keyboard tray to the underside of the work surface. The assembled keyboard tray stows underneath the work surface for out-of-the-way placement when not in use, and is easily accessed with the sliding, pullout-style assembly.

Wire Bookrack: A wire bookrack generally refers to a chrome-finished or painted steel wire basket-style enhancement built into the frame of select student desks for under-seat storage.

Tote Bookbox: A tote bookbox is a storage compartment found on select desk units with a built-in under-desk assembly designed to hold a plastic tote bin for drawer-like access and convenient storage use.

P-Tablet Arm: The P-tablet arm is a P-shaped writing surface attached to select chairs and stools, usually with a flip-up hinged attachment that permits easier sitting and standing.

Optional Riser Shelf: An optional riser shelf is an added work surface with platform-style design, assembled to select workstation desks on post-style supports at the back of the work surface, allowing full use of the work surface with the added benefit of the shelf for storage, organizing, or other uses.

PC Tier: A PC tier generally refers to a raised platform surface set along the back of the main desk work surface, designed to support the computer monitor in a raised position for easier viewing and complete use of the main work surface.

Locking Casters: Locking casters are caster wheels with an integrated lever-style parking brake that secures the table, desk, or workstation for stationary use or storage.

Locking Lectern Base: The locking lectern base is a cabinet built into the teacher’s desk with lectern top. The cabinet locks to secure stored contents and contains fixed and adjustable shelves for customizing to suit different needs.

Matching End Caps: Matching end caps are impact-resistant protective pieces that cover the ends of the desk or chair frame and come in coordinating colors to complement the overall design.

Modesty Panel: A modesty panel is a frame feature on many desks and workstations that provides under-desk privacy around the knee-space for a sense of traditional modesty. The modesty panel may be a partial modesty panel, extending from the under-side of the work surface to a point around mid-way to the base or floor. A full-height modesty panel extends from the work surface to the floor or base of the frame. Select desk products feature decorative modesty panels, such as those with perforated patterns or cutouts, as well as enhanced modesty panels with built-in wire management storage and organizing tools.

Modesty Panel/Cord Bin with Hinged Access: The modesty panel/cord bin with hinged access is an enhanced workstation modesty panel with an integrated storage bin designed to hold and organize power cords, cables, and technology wires. The bin is accessed through a hinged lid that encloses the bin for a neater presentation.

Non-Marring Wall-Saver Anti-Tip Glides: Non-marring wall-saver anti-tip glides are a specially designed floor glide found on select combination chair desks or student desks. The glides have a triangular shape and are placed on the back legs, extending out to reduce tipping and prevent the product from sliding into a wall.

Optional CPU Holder: An optional CPU holder is a coordinating accessory designed to support a CPU computer tower in conjunction with the workstation or student desk. The optional CPU holder may attach to the frame of the overall workstation, or accommodate flexible use depending on the design.

Pencil Groove: Pencil grooves are pencil-sized rounded indents found in select desk surfaces, usually along the top or bottom edge to provide a convenient place for writing utensils when not in use.

Perforated Modesty Panel: A perforated modesty panel is an under-desk privacy element attached on the rear side, usually connecting the left and right rear legs. The modesty panel may extend to the floor or have a partial-height design that ends midway to the base of the legs. A perforated modesty panel allows airflow through a series of holes creating a decorative functional design.

Rear Casters: Rear casters refer to a set of two casters positions on the back legs or base of a table, desk, or workstation. The rear casters are often paired with adjustable leveling glides on the front part of the frame. To move the desk or table, the front is lifted slightly and the casters are used to glide the product where desired.

Recessed Toe Apron: A recessed toe apron is a base element on select workstation desks, usually designed as a panel that conceals the casters under the frame and protects from impact with shoes during everyday use.

Self-Leveling Glides: Self-leveling glides are floor-safe support elements on the base of select stationary chairs and desks that compensate for uneven floor surfaces by pivoting slightly to stabilize floor contact when in use.

Shared Lock: A shared lock is a single lock mechanism that secures two or more storage compartments, drawers, cabinet doors, or other enclosed features.

Side Grommets: Side grommets are strategically placed holes in the side panels of a workstation or student desk designed to permit wires and cables to pass through the side panels for a neater technology setup or to accommodate grouped desk configurations with networked computer and technology arrangements.

Swivel Glides: Swivel glides generally refer to self-adjusting leveling glides, designed to support a desk or chair. The swivel glides adjust to improve floor contact when the product is in use to reduce wobbling and unwanted movement.

Swinging Pendulum Footrest: The swinging pendulum footrest is an innovative contemporary desk feature that provides students with a means of exerting excess energy without disrupting class. The student can place feet on the swinging pendulum footrest and move the footrest when feeling restless or struggling to sit still through a lecture or lesson.

Construction Materials

ABS Plastic: ABS plastic is a rugged, impact-resistant, durable plastic used to create select desk components, chair seats or backrests, and other products. The plastic is available in a variety of colors and styles.

Backer Sheet: A backer sheet is a reinforcing finish enhancement that reduces warping and other damage from exposure to moisture and regular use. Many laminate finished surfaces are reinforced with backer sheets.

Black Lacquer Edge: Black lacquer edges are desk and workstation edges finished in lacquer to protect from moisture and use. The black lacquer finish is often glossy and complements the surface finish or finish options in contemporary style.

Bow-Front Desk Top: The bow-front desk top is a rounded, spacious work surface that extends at the back edge to increase work surface area and create a distinctive appearance.

Built-In Ganging Device: A built-in ganging device is a customized attachment found on select chairs and desks that allows the chair or desk to join with a corresponding second unit for a fixed group, row, or cluster.

Bumpers on Legs: Bumpers on legs refer to protective stacking bumpers found on the legs and frames of select stack chairs to prevent contact between the frames of stacked chairs, protecting from scratches and damage to the frame finish.

Burnished Edge: Burnished edges are wood product panel edges that have been buffed or polished, usually with the aid of a finishing material to enhance the appearance and feel. Burnished edges may be shiny or dull, depending on the overall design goals.

Deep Waterfall Seat: The deep waterfall seat is a chair design with the front edge set lower to reduce pressure on the backs of legs and improve health leg circulation and posture with continued use.

Double-Contoured Seat: A double-contoured seat describes a seat or the seat portion of a one-piece chair shell that features contoured shape from both sides to enhance natural fit, feel, and comfort for lasting use.

Environmentally Friendly Powder-Coat Finish: Environmentally friendly powder-coat finish is a powdered paint finish applied to steel or other metal components of student desks and workstations or chairs, then cured to produce a durable, hard, protective coating that lasts. Environmentally friendly powder-coat paint finish is often scratch-resistant and protects metal from moisture and regular use.

High-Pressure Laminate: High-pressure laminate is an extremely durable, affordable finish that consists of multiple layers applied using heat and pressure to securely bond the finish to the surface of core panels. The laminate finish is stain-resistant, scratch-resistant, and/or heat-resistant and provides a lasting appearance that is easy to clean and maintain.

H-Leg: H-leg refers to four-leg frames of desks and workstations, reinforced at the sides with a crossbar connecting the front and back leg on either side.

Lotz Armor Edge: Lotz Armor Edge is an edge finishing process that uses a specially designed material to finish, seal, and protect the raw edges of core panels. The edges are sprayed with the finish, utilizing heat and pressure to securely complete the edging process. The finished edges will not chip or crack, providing a long-lasting attractive appearance and durable protection.

Lumbar Relief Cutout: One-piece chair shells with a lower-back cutout offer the enhanced benefits of lumbar spine relief and cooling airflow for more comfortable use.

MDF Core: MDF Core is a medium-density fiberboard panel used to construct a desk or workstation. The MDF core is composed of natural wood fibers mixed with a resin or bonding substance and formed into panels for use in furniture production. MDF core panels are often finished with laminate or melamine for added durability.

Melamine Finish: Melamine finish is a durable laminate-style finish applied under heat and pressure to produce an easy to clean, long-lasting finished workstation or desk. Melamine uses fewer layers than traditional high-pressure laminate but yields a damage-resistant surface finish comparable to high-pressure laminate and similar options.

Melamine Resin-Coated Chipboard: Melamine resin-coated chipboard refers to a wood material panel finished with melamine resin. Melamine resin is a hard plastic finish that sets under heat to create a durable, lasting product design. The finish is often heat-resistant and scratch-resistant. The chipboard core panel is composed of real wood mixed with a bonding substance and pressed into uniform panels for use in furniture production.

Molded Seat: A molded seat refers to a plastic chair shell or chair component designed with a concise shape, contour, and design for lasting comfort.

Molded Thermoplastic: Molded thermoplastic is the use of molten plastic and customized molds to form consistent quality components of chairs and desks.

Non-Exposed Rivets, Non-Exposed Hardware: Chairs and desks described as having non-exposed rivets or non-exposed hardware are connected to the frame and other desk or chair components with connecting hardware on the under-sides of the seat to remain out of sight.

One-Piece Chair Shell: A one-piece chair shell is a molded plastic chair designed with connected seat and backrest, featuring a contoured, ergonomic shape and designed to last. One-piece chair shells may contain a solid back or a back cutout for lumbar relief.

Optional Ganging Device: Optional ganging device describes an optional accessory, custom-designed to combine two desks, tables, chairs, or other products in a fixed row or group. The ganging device typically attaches to a set point on the side of the product’s frame and then joins to a matching point on the second product’s frame for a fixed arrangement.

Particleboard: Particleboard is a wood product composed of wood chips and sawdust mixed with a bonding substance such as resin or wax then pressed to form a durable, uniform panel for use in contrasting furniture products. Particleboard is often finished with laminate, melamine, or other durable finish.

Phenolic Resin Top: A phenolic resin top is a durable, plastic-style work surface favored in the design of science lab and classroom workstations for its chemical-resistant properties. Phenolic resin tops are resistant to damage from exposure to chemicals typically found in classroom and laboratory settings, as well as resistant to scratches and moisture.

Plywood Core: Plywood core is a wood product panel composed of thin slices of real wood that are bonded in layers with their wood grain patterns alternating to reinforce the panel strength. Plywood core panels are often finished with laminate, melamine, or wood veneers.

Polypropylene Shell: Polypropylene shell refers to a one-piece chair shell composed of durable, impact-resistant polypropylene plastic. The chair shell is often made with a customized mold and the seat and backrest typically have a textured surface to reduce slipping. Polypropylene shells are available in a wide selection of colors to suit different needs.

Polyurethane-Sealed Writing Surface Edge: Polyurethane-sealed writing surface edge describes the raw edges of a work surface in a student desk or workstation product that have been sealed or finished with durable polyurethane. The finish protects from moisture and use, while enhancing the smooth look and feel of core panel edges for a safer, more comfortable design.

Radius Corners: Radius corners are the rounded, smoothed corners of a desktop or work surface with the pointed angles removed for a safer, softer design. Radius corners are often paired with radius edges for a smoother overall look and feel.

Radius Edge: Radius edges are the edges of a work surface that have been smoothed and rounded for a softer appearance and a safer design. Radius edges are often paired with rounded or radius corners.

Steel Base/Steel Legs: Steel base and steel legs refer to the use of steel, usually steel tubing, to construct the frame, base, and/or legs of a student desk, workstation, or chair. The steel is often finished with durable, environmentally friendly, powder-coat paint for a lasting, protective finish.

Structural Ribs: Structural ribs refer to reinforcing elements built into the seat and backrest of molded plastic chair shells. The structural ribs add strength and durability to the overall design.

Tablet Options: Tablet options typically refer to the availability of a left-hand or right-hand tablet in a fixed or flip-up assembly to suit different needs or preferences.

U-Brace: A U-brace is a reinforcing leg brace designed to strengthen a desk or workstation frame. The curved portion of the U-shaped brace connects to the back two legs and the open ends connect to the front legs, usually with an angled assembly.

Vinyl Edge: Vinyl edging is a customized vinyl strip or band that is bonded or fixed to the edges of core panels comprising a desk or workstation. The vinyl edging protects from everyday use, bumps, and impact, while providing a comfortable surface edge to lean against for safer use. Vinyl edges typically come in a standard color such as black, or with a coordinating color to complement the overall desk design.

Y-Leg: Y-leg describes post-style legs supporting a desk or workstation, usually with wide, stabilizing feet on the two sides and a Y-shaped reinforcing frame assembly supporting the work surface.

3mm Edge Band: A 3mm edge band refers to a band of plastic, vinyl, or other 3mm-thick edging material, custom-sized to fit the edges of a desk or workstation and bonded to the edges of the core panel to protect the surface finishes and complete the overall design.


ADA Compliant: Student desks described as being ADA compliant are designed within standards set by the Americans with Disabilities Act, typically featuring a wider and taller frame or work surface to allow easy access from a wheelchair.

Adjustable-Height Increments: Adjustable-height increments are the measurement of the space between pre-set height positions for an adjustable-height desk or chair. The increments are evenly spaced, usually in 1” or 2” intervals, or other spacing depending on the product, size, and intended uses.

ANSI/BIFMA: ANSI/BIFMA indicates the desk, workstation, chair, or other product meets safety and/or quality design requirements of the American National Standards Institute and the Business and Industrial Furniture Manufacturers Association.

Built-In Lumbar Support: Built-in lumbar support can refer to a number of design features that enhance the backrest components of chairs for improved spine support. The built-in lumbar support typically involves an inward curving backrest or increased backrest thickness along the lower-back region.

Carton of 2: Student desks and chairs sold in cartons of 2 come in standard two-unit cartons. There is a specified charge for breaking cartons for single-unit and odd-number orders.

Green Features: Green features are a variety of design, production, and finish aspects that enhance the environmental friendliness of a student desk, chair, workstation, or other product. Student desks and products made using recycled materials or those designed to be recyclable are listed as having green features. Products finished with eco-friendly finishes and finishing processes are also considered greener in design.

ISO: ISO indicates the student desk or other product is within requirements set by the International Organization for Standardization. These requirements typically involve quality and safety features.

Weight Capacity: The listed weight capacity on a student desk or chair refers to the maximum amount of weight that product can support at a given time, assuming the weight is balanced or evenly distributed. Exceeding the listed weight capacity can void the product’s warranty and result in damage to the product itself, as well as damage to equipment and supplies used with the product.

Pneumatic Height Adjustment: Pneumatic height adjustment refers to adjustable-height office chairs and stools, or enhanced desks and workstations with an integrated pneumatic gas-lift mechanism designed to assist in height adjustments. The pneumatic gas-lift mechanism is usually activated by a button or lever positioned within easy reach.

Independently Adjusting Foot Rest: An independently adjusting foot rest is a foot rest that can adjust separately from other adjusting features in a desk or chair design.

Priced Per Desk/Priced Per Chair: Student desks and chairs listed as “priced per desk” or “priced per chair” are sold in cartons, usually containing two units, and priced individually. There is an additional fee for breaking cartons to accommodate single-unit or odd-number orders.

Station-to-Station Networking: Station-to-station networking typically refers to the ability to arrange student desks and workstations in a side-by-side or similar configuration. Integrated cable channels, wire management features, and grommet holes accommodate technology setup and networked assembly for enhanced use in schools and professional environments.

TAA Compliant: TAA compliant refers to student desks, workstations, chairs, and similar products that meet the design and production requirements of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979. The Trade Agreements Act generally impacts international materials and production for an internationally friendly product line.

UL Greenguard: UL Greenguard refers to student desks, workstations, and seating elements that meet requirements of Underwriters Laboratories for environmentally friendly and/or health-conscious design. These products have been verified within UL Greenguard standards.

Wire Management: Wire management refers to a variety of integrated features in workstations, student desks, teacher desks, and other products. Wire management can include a built-in storage bin, cable chase or channel, and/or wire grommet holes for passing cables and wires through the work surface, side panels, or other desk component.